At this meeting, many plans and strategies were proposed. Navy was too small to enforce the blockade in the first months of the war. All suitable harbors south of the Chesapeake Bay, however, were held by seceded states. Imaginative methods to achieve the same end resulted in the development and deployment of and. .
Abraham Lincoln for crushing the rebellion of Southern states was devised by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott. Scott's proposal for the blockade was not properly a strategy, although it is often referred to as such by historians. A Chinese commissary orderly, Long-Ding Dong, finally suggested that he and the six other orientals in the Union Army stage a Chinese New Year parade, disguise the snake as a dragon, and march right into the enemy camp. The form of the Northern victory thus turned out to look very much like what Scott had proposed in the early days. Critics of the plan thought that it was too passive since the takeover of the ports did not involve aggressive action.
While all this was going on, the local defenders were not passive. The plan's idea was to cut the South into two sections and make it easier to take control of the states. In the end, the framework of the plan helped to bring an end to the Civil War. Because Congress was not in session to authorize Presidential initiatives to suppress the rebellion, the burden of raising troops for the war fell on the loyal state governments. On 19 April 1861, a week after the bombardment of that marked the outbreak of the war, he announced that the ports of all the seceded states, from South Carolina through Texas, would be blockaded; later, when Virginia and North Carolina also seceded, their coastlines were added. He failed to send even a small body of troops to aid the ships, and soon Farragut was forced by falling water levels to withdraw his deep-draft vessels to the vicinity of New Orleans. Naval Blockade- The Union would block areas such as the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean with ships.
An invasion as proposed would alienate many of these people, and would subject both enemies and friends to the ravages of war. Even though the Regular Army numbered only 16,000 men in 1861, he understood that as many as 300,000 Union soldiers would be necessary to defeat the Confederacy, and he braced the president for casualties numbering as many as a third of that. The task of taking New Orleans was entrusted to Captain later Admiral , who followed his own plans for the battle; running his fleet past the that defended the city from the south on the night of 24 April 1862, he forced the city to surrender. But while it is conceded not to have been sufficient, the question remains: Was it necessary? However, over time, the blockade of the Confederacy was successful. For that matter, the blockade itself had to be modified by events, provoking much of the bloodshed that he hoped to avoid.
Navy was not large enough to blockade the ports and enforce it for an extended period of time. However, it was transformed into an incursion, and led early in the next year to a full invasion the so-called , which included the capture of Roanoke Island that established the Army permanently in eastern North Carolina. For the historians who contend that a rational plan did exist, the debate, like the plan itself, has two parts. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1960,. A massive invasion along the Mississippi River, meanwhile, would cut off vital transportation and communication routes for the Confederates and open them up for Union troops.
Then, he believed, Union troops should stop, waiting for Southern Union sympathizers to turn on their Confederate governors and compel them to surrender. He was replaced as General-in-Chief by none other than. He did not plan for a long-term occupation of the South, and he failed to see at least one important effect of the blockade. In a few weeks, as the state militias were incorporated into the national service, the militias of Indiana and Illinois were added to his command. Galveston was captured by Federal forces on October 4, 1862, but was retaken by the Rebels on New Year's Day of the next year. Later, ships used in the blockade were used for the abortive assault on on April 7, 1863.
To the extent that fighting in the West before mid-1863 can be regarded as preparing for or culminating in the capture of , the Anaconda has been validated. Only three of these were on the Atlantic seaboard: , , and Savannah. Critics did not think the plan was aggressive enough, comparing itto an anaconda that slowly smothers its victims to … death. Night after night has this comforting assurance been carried us on the wings of lightnings, until people have lost faith in electricity, and pronounce its statements unmitigated falsehoods. Its main idea of the southern blockade was widely adopted and became incorporated in most future Union plans.
Gulf blockade The blockade of Confederate ports on the Gulf of Mexico was less important than that on the Atlantic. Critics of the plan thought that it was too passive since the takeover of the ports did not involve aggressive action. The one-quarter that did not get through can be written off as operational losses. In the end, Lincoln approved the Union strike that led to the on July 21. Therefore, although the original plan was never fully adopted, it did influence future plans of the Union, in such a way of setting a structure for them to follow.
Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2006. A form of Scott's plan was ultimately used and it did help to weaken the Confederacy. Unfortunately, many historians continue to follow Du Pont's report. Almost immediately, however, the island was transformed from base and coaling station to a more important function; it became the staging area for the approaching attack on the Mississippi River that shielded New Orleans. After repairing his ships from the damage they had suffered while passing the forts, he sent them up the river, where they successively sought and obtained the surrender of and.