Hostile confrontations with , although often feared by the emigrants, were comparatively rare, prior to the. Ghost Towns A lot of boomtowns eventually turned into abandoned ghost towns. They packed rifles, food, and warm clothing. In the book her father claimed land in Kansas. In 1849, California established a state constitution and government, and formally entered the union in 1850. His discovery of trace flecks of the precious metal in the soil at the bottom of the American River sparked a massive migration of settlers and miners into California in search of gold.
The Mormons, however, were a unique part of this migration. As competition flared over access to the goldfields, xenophobia and racial prejudice ran rampant. They began to confine Native Americans to reservations and classify any individual or group that refused as hostile. Westward Expansion Facts Former U. The North Branch proceeded due north into Colorado's San Luis Valley and crossed west over Cochetepa Pass to follow the Gunnison and Colorado rivers to meet the Southern Branch near Green River. Good Hunting, Blue Sky by Peggy Parish 2.
There are also short articles of Native American tribes that had the most most significant interactions with Lewis and Clark. The gold Rush ended in 1855. After the end of the in 1849, vast new American conquests again enticed mass immigration. A special feature is an interactive timline of the war both historically and geographically. All in all, the Dawes Act resulted in the loss of over 80 million acres of Native American land.
This timeline describes the events that occured and the motivations behind the movement. The California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1884 happened because James Marshal found a gold nugget in the American River. When panning for gold, miners put gravel and water into a pan and then shook the pan back and forth. In late 1849, California applied to enter the Union with a constitution preventing slavery, provoking a crisis in Congress between proponents of slavery and abolitionists. They also needed food and living supplies such as coffee, bacon, sugar, beans, flour, bedding, a tent, lamp, and a kettle. Tied in with the Santa Fe Trail and the , by the the Southern Emigrant Trail route in 1849 ran from westward from the El Camino Real to and after 1855 , westward to , then followed the Gila River to the ferries on the Colorado River near what became , crossed the Colorado Desert to , then up to.
The was established shortly afterward, in 1848, and over 12,000 American settlers made the journey there during the decade. Their terrible journey is now known as the Trail of Tears. Two years later, the first transcontinental railroad connecting the eastern and western parts of the United States was finished. This post contains affiliate links. The Gold Rush in California brought even more people to the west. The South wanted to expand slavery into the North during westward expansion but the North did not want slavery to be legal. Because gold is heavy it will eventually work its way to the bottom of the pan.
San Francisco, for its part, developed a bustling economy and became the central metropolis of the new frontier. The Transcontinental Telegraph was instrumental in keeping the lines of communication open between the east and west during westward expansion. Minorities also faced the loss of their land and their cultures in the West. Instead of treating Native American tribes as independent nations, the government began to cast them as wards of the state, relics of an earlier time that had to take up American ways or face extinction. Comanche raiding farther south in Mexico isolated New Mexico, making it more dependent on the American trade, and provided the Comanches with a steady supply of horses for sale. Who has access to water and for what purposes is still a major source of conflict in the American West. Interesting Westward Expansion Facts: The Louisiana Purchase cost the U.
Some were Americans, but many came from places like China, Mexico, Europe, and Australia. All four of these groups added something different to the gold rush. The companion web site to The American People offers blank maps related to various topics in American history. Sacagawea joined the expedition as an interpreter. The overall organization of the database is by tribe, including: Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Salish Flathead , Kutenai, Chippewa-Cree, Gros Ventres Atsina , and Assiniboine. Perhaps the most revealing elements in the collection are personal letters detailed the struggles of life on the Great Plains.
From 1846 to 1869, more than 4,600 Mormons traveled along an integral part of the road west, the Mormon Pioneer Trail. The camps established rules from the very beginning. Let's quickly review some of the causes of westward expansion that were already established by the end of the Civil War. Time Line 1783 End of American Revolution Louisiana purchase The U. The California Trail came into heavy use after the enticed over 250,000 gold-seekers and farmers to travel overland the gold fields and rich farmlands of California during the 1840s and 1850s. The Bicycle Man by Allen Say Top 10 Emergent Readers 1. Panning on the Mokelumne from Harper's Weekly Supplies All these thousands of miners needed supplies.
The Dawes Act sought to force Native Americans to stop living communally and take up American culture and farming by splitting up reservations and awarding 160 acres of land to each head of household, sort of like the Homestead Act. New territories added to the United States after 1801Louisiana PurchaseJefferson bought land from France the Louisiana Purchase , which doubled the size of the United States. Lasting Impact of the Gold Rush After 1850, the surface gold in California largely disappeared, even as miners continued to arrive. The Gold Rush all started in 1848 when James Marshall discovered gold on January 24, 1848. The Chinese The discovery of gold in California attracted miners from different backgrounds, all with the goal of becoming rich. Following the trails pioneered by fur traders, the Oregon Trail from , to the developed crossing the central , and northern.