The anaconda plan. The Plan Of The Anaconda Plan 2019-03-05

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the anaconda plan

It did not estimate the forces that would be needed to guard the 3000 or more miles of coastline in the seceded states. By the time that Grant became commander in the West, the Confederate Army had been able to fortify and , 130 miles 210 km to the south measured along roads, somewhat longer on the river. Du Pont misrepresented the motions of his ships. . As soon as Tennessee voted for secession, the Confederacy began to stockpile weapons and supplies at Nashville, making it the center of distribution and manufacture for Southern war goods of all kinds.

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What was the purpose for the Anaconda plan

the anaconda plan

Thus, the blockade was immediately transformed from a purely open-water operation to one of at least limited occupation of enemy territory. The plan was properly titled Anaconda beca … use the North was trying to squeeze the South and divide it so that it couldn't show a united front. This would have enormous consequences on the nascent Confederacy, such as stopping shipments from reaching port cities, disrupting the Southern economy, preventing Confederate armies from receiving necessary military supplies, hurting civilians and undermining the South's ties with other nations. All suitable harbors south of the Chesapeake Bay, however, were held by seceded states. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1922.


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The Anaconda Plan of 1861: Early Civil War Strategy

the anaconda plan

By 1841, Scott became the highest-ranking general in the United States army. According to her view, the Anaconda is a later, conceptual imposition of order on events for which order did not exist at the time that they took place. In the early stage of the war it was not so effective, but after several months, it was getting more and more effective thanks to the constant strengthening of the Union Navy operating along the rivers and especially in the open sea by landing operation on the Confederacy's coasts, port blockades an … d hunting for the blockade runners. Much of this was later done by the , a group meeting at the request of the Navy Department but also with representatives from both the Army and the Coast Survey. In order to establish the blockade, therefore, at least one of them would have to be taken by the Federal forces. Then, once separated and weakened, the Union would strike from both sides at once with more ease and effectiveness.

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The Plan Of The Anaconda Plan

the anaconda plan

McClellan believed that the key to winning the war was not the Mississippi River, but rather an attempt to take Richmond in Virginia. They built Fort Henry and Fort Donelson on the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, respectively, to protect this important region. From this power base, he felt enabled on April 27, 1861 to write a letter to General outlining his strategy. Without the loss of the Mississippi River and the Tennessee Valley, the supposed vast differences in resources between the Union and the Confederate Armies would have been greatly lessened. The Anaconda Plan was a strategy proposed by General-in-Chief Winfield Scott during the Civil War. While all this was going on, the local defenders were not passive.

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The Plan Of The Anaconda Plan

the anaconda plan

His strategy became known as the Anaconda Plan. The Blockade Strategy Board had recommended that Ship Island, which lies in the Gulf between Mobile and New Orleans, be taken and used as a base for the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. During the summer of 1861, the Board issued a series of reports recommending how best to maintain the blockade, taking into account the topography of the coast, the relative merits of the various southern ports, the opposition likely to be encountered, and the nature of the ships that would be used by both sides. First, it was never very effective. The importance of the campaign to capture the Mississippi River, and thereby lop off the Trans-Mississippi, is acknowledged.

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The Anaconda Plan of 1861: Early Civil War Strategy

the anaconda plan

However, it is necessary to not wait until you are limited to think about it. Scott's Great Snake Anaconda Plan Contributed by The Anaconda Plan was the nickname attached to Lieutenant General 's comprehensive plan to defeat the Confederacy at the start of the 1861—1865. The Anaconda Plan is remembered today as an example of an early Union strategy to defeat the Confederacy, but was never officially adopted. Congress rejected the plan, and Scott soon retired through old age. Of course, Scott did call for a massive attack on the Confederacy, with anywhere from 60,000 to 80,000 men in the Mississippi River Valley. Therefore, it was discarded for more brutal tactics, such as thoseshown during the infamous marches of General Sherman.

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What Was the Anaconda Plan?

the anaconda plan

Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1960,. In the end, Lincoln approved the Union strike that led to the on July 21. Lee, a trusted officer who served with Scott in Mexico. Capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America. The Confederate government was able to purchase a pound of cotton for as low as 8? He remained as the commander of all United States troops until the start of the Civil War in 1861. Divide the South by capturing the Tennessee River Valley and marching through Georgia to the coast.

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The Anaconda Plan of 1861: Early Civil War Strategy

the anaconda plan

Haigler consider looking… 1227 Words 5 Pages Meyme Nakash Ms. This plan, consisted of three parts, a western campaign, an eastern campaign, and a naval blockade of the Southern coast. Although United States president Abraham Lincoln immediately instituted a naval blockade, he bowed to political pressure in 1861 and shelved the rest of the plan. Every year thousands of people relive the war by participating in reenactments. This plan, although it was never technically adopted, ended up being extremely successful and influential for the Union during the American Civil War. Deprived of its cotton, Great Britain was, for a time, tempted to intervene on the Confederacy's behalf, a development that might have been devastating for the Lincoln administration. In April 1861, before Scott fully devised his entire plan, orders were put into effect to begin a blockade of Southern ports.

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What was the purpose for the Anaconda plan

the anaconda plan

The Anaconda Plan was drawn up by General Winfield Scott to end the American Civil War in favor of the North. One of the justifications Robert E Lee made to Jefferson Davis for his attacks in Pennsylvania was the need for supplies, and his campaign led to the decisive Battle of Gettysburg. Lee's Army, but the city had no particular strategic value, serving only as a blow to Confederate morale. After Union forces took the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers in early 1862, the Mississippi was next. The Board recommendations concerning the Gulf coast were rather rudimentary and largely ignored, but the blockade on the Atlantic coast followed their plan reasonably closely. The snake image caught on, giving the plan its name that was commonly used during the Civil War, and today as well. The Anaconda Plan was an original failure, as it was never given the support it required.

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The Plan Of The Anaconda Plan

the anaconda plan

At the beginning of the war Scott, unlike others, thought that the war would be over in more than two years. It was suggested that Mrs. Scott's plan was an idea for subduing states that had left the Union. The same decision by the Confederate War Department that led to the abandonment of most of the Atlantic coast except for the major ports applied to the Gulf as well, with the result that only Mobile, New Orleans, and Galveston were defended. It remained so, much like Wilmington, until late in the war.

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