A sentinel starting his midnight shift normally expects to relieve his fellow sentry as usual; yet he still wonders and challenges the identity of his fellow sentry, because he wonders if it may be someone spying. Ophelia: The daughter to Polonius, Ophelia is loved by Hamlet. There is so much going on in his life that he is possibly going insane. Hamlet was studying in the Wittenberg University that was located in France. Just then, Hamlet enters, reading.
To this end, Hamlet distrusts and rejects all those around him whom he believes are spying on him for King Claudius. People who have read or watched a play have basically seen the whole story of Hamlet's life. Polonius adds a new dimension to the play and is a controlling and menacing character. Claudius: The present King of Denmark, King Claudius took Queen Gertrude whom he loves as his queen and wife, much to the consternation of Hamlet who believes his mother has betrayed him and his father's memory by doing so. In Act 1 Scene 1, A watchman Francisco is patrolling Elsinore Castle in Denmark.
He does not hurry along the revenge because he knows there is nothing really to revenge; nothing really happened; it has all been staged. Neither man has a problem trading in their friendship to betray Hamlet; they serve the King. Polonius was first proposed as a parody of 's leading counsellor, , and Principal Secretary in 1869. At first he warns Laertes, who is on his way to school, to trust no one. His language is dazzling, full of wild puns, inventive jokes, and succinct and strong observations — sheer mastery. He offers to loose Ophelia on Hamlet while he is reading alone in the library.
When his original plan is unsuccessful, he schemes a trap for Hamlet to fall into. Polonius enters to announce the arrival of the players. Before he reveals his news, however, he entreats Claudius and Gertrude to hear from the two ambassadors to Norway, and , who have just returned. And if his spying had stopped there then he might have lived and of course Larates would not want to get his revenge. Hamlet, assuming that she is reading prayers, asks her to pray for him.
This time, however, Polonius pays for his deceit with his life, as Hamlet pierces him through the curtain, believing he is Claudius. When Hamlet meets King Hamlet's Ghost and learns that King Claudius murdered his father, Hamlet changes from a distrustful, disillusioned young man to one driven to avenge his father's death. Claudius 1 Claudius lies to everyone about the murder of Hamlet's father. Polonius, still convinced that love afflicts Hamlet, urges Claudius to make one more attempt to ferret out a satisfying reason for Hamlet's behavior. He then changes the letter to bring Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to their deaths. Why, what a king is this? Ecstatic at the opportunity for diversion, Hamlet asks who the players are and why they are on the road. Analysis This Act begins by establishing the atmosphere of political intrigue at Elsinore.
Claudius killed Old Hamlet for the rule of Denmark and he fears that Hamlet might know of the murder. The words said together make you think about if the statement or situation wondering if it is true or is it false. Cautious and suspicious, Claudius has courtiers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and Hamlet's love interest Ophelia spying on Hamlet for him since as he says, the great ones must be watched. Why does he not even mention revenge until the very last speech of the Act? Subsequently there would be analyzed some instances where characters are spying on each other, informing and being informed upon suspicious acts, to protect themselves and their honor. He sinks deeply into a speech detailing this misery. What should such fellows as I do 128 crawling between earth and heaven? Spying creates more suspicion and causes more conflicts, which ends with a tragic consequence with many innocent people dead. They agree, and they leave.
This is the spying instance of Claudius and Polonius spy on mad Ophelia. Finally, Polonius asserts that Hamlet is mad. It seems that Hamlet is so obsessed with contemplating the meaning of action that he is rendered unable to act himself. Either way, the ghost implies that Gertrude's remarriage retroactively makes their marriage into a sham. Look you, sir, Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris, And how, and who, what means, and where they keep, What company, at what expense; and finding By this encompassment and drift of question That they do know my son, come you more nearer Than your particular demands will touch it.
Polonius connives with Claudius to spy on Hamlet. Claudius orders to leave so that he and Polonius can spy on Hamlet, who has an imminent meeting with Ophelia. They bring news from Norway that the old and ailing king, brother to the slain King Fortinbras, has managed to restrain his nephew, young Fortinbras, from invading Denmark. Again promising to be less loquacious, Polonius makes showy, wavy motions with his arms and then reads a letter he confiscated from his daughter, written in the Prince's hand. Fearing that his intentions could be revealed, Hamlet invents a madness to distract and hide his true intentions from King Claudius' many spies. He is chief counsellor of the king, and the father of and. Polonius criticizes the highly dramatic, artificial prose with random rhymes in which Hamlet has written the note and tells Claudius and Gertrude that he has forbidden to accept any advances from the Prince.
The inclusion of this scene portrays him in a much more sinister light; most productions, including 's famous 1948 film version, choose to remove it. Claudius and Polonius join her and assess what they have overheard and seen. In this scene Claudius gives a speech, acting as if he feels sorrow and remorse over the death of his brother, and former king, Hamlet. Hamlet, however, has found his element in Act Two. Left alone, Ophelia bemoans what she considers to be Hamlet's descent into complete insanity.
Rosencrantz, Guildenstern: Courtiers to King Claudius, both these men grew up with Hamlet. A Captain, English Ambassadors, Players, Two Clowns Gravediggers , Lords, Ladies, Officers, Soldiers, Sailors, Messengers, and Attendants. This play shows that every character that lies and practices the act of deception is ultimately punished for doing so by their treacherous deaths. All three of the men in her life have defined her almost exclusively in terms of her sexuality and her beauty. He used deception for his own personal gain because now Claudius is king as a result of King Hamlet being killed.