Do all men kill the things they do not love? Antonio signed that bond and promised that money, Shylock has been wronged; he has had his money stolen from him by his daughter and Lorenzo. Kean's Shylock established his reputation as an actor. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob served for; A thing not in his power to bring to pass, But sway'd and fashion'd by the hand of heaven. Shylock is also, however, a creation of circumstance; even in his single-minded pursuit of a pound of flesh, his frequent mentions of the cruelty he has endured at Christian hands make it hard for us to label him a natural born monster. But the character of Shylock has also been the subject of much critical debate: How are we meant to evaluate the attitude of the Venetians in the play toward him? Well then, it now appears you need my help. We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. I'll have my bond; speak not against my bond: I have sworn an oath that I will have my bond.
He hath disgraced me, and hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine enemies; and what's his reason? The depiction of Jews in the literature of England and other English-speaking countries throughout the centuries was influenced by the Shylock character and similar stereotypes. The fact that he is a Jew is, in a sense, accidental. Notable portrayals 1911 Italian-French film. In the 16th and early 17th centuries, Jews were often presented on the Elizabethan stage in hideous caricature, with hooked noses and bright red wigs. If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility? Shalah is the grandson of and the father of , biblical progenitor of peoples. If you poison us do we not die? With the prejudices of the day against Jews, atheists and non-Christians in general, Jews found it hard to fit in with society. Shylock is then ordered to surrender half of his wealth and property to the state and the other half to Antonio.
I pray thee, hear me speak. Shylock hopes to entrap Antonio when Bassanio, Antonio's best friend, asks Shylock for a loan that Antonio guarantees. Johns Hopkins University Press: 1997. Three thousand ducats; I think I may take his bond. That's certain, if the devil may be her judge. If you poison us, do we not die? If you poison us, do we not die? How much more elder art thou than thy looks! He hates our sacred nation, and he rails, Even there where merchants most do congregate, On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, Which he calls 'interest.
You know, none so well, none so well as you, of my daughter's flight. Notable actors who have portrayed Shylock include in the 16th century, in 1741, in 1814, in 1840, in 1861, in 1880, in 1928, and in 1937. My deeds upon my head! During the 1600s in and in other places, Jews were required to wear a red hat at all times in public to ensure that they were easily identified. Well then, it now appears you need my help: Go to, then; you come to me, and you say 'Shylock, we would have moneys:' you say so; You, that did void your rheum upon my beard And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Over your threshold: moneys is your suit What should I say to you? I had forgot; three months; you told me so. Other representations 's play The Lady of Belmont 1924 is a sequel to The Merchant of Venice where the characters meet again some years later. Should I not say 'Hath a dog money? Bassanio is telling Antonio that generous lending terms from the wicked-minded should be suspect: Bassanio does not approve of the deal Antonio just made with Shylock. The Merchant of Venice June 8th, 2011 In the play The Merchant of Venice Shylock is supposed to be the protagonist, the definition of protagonist is; the leading character or a major character in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.
Whenever his business deals fail and Antonio's prosper, Shylock becomes more and more obsessed with revenge. He seriously intends to cut off a pound of Antonio's flesh should he default on the loan. Ay, for the state, not for Antonio. Well then, it now appears you need my help: Go to, then; you come to me, and you say 'Shylock, we would have moneys:' you say so; You, that did void your rheum upon my beard And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Over your threshold: moneys is your suit What should I say to you?. I have a daughter; Would any of the stock of Barrabas. Shylock says that his wife gave it to him before they were married and that he would not trade it for a whole wilderness full of monkeys. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall To cureless ruin.
Lorenzo declares that the motion of even the smallest celestial orb that she sees creates its own musical harmony, like the sound of angels singing to the cherubs; that same harmony exists in our immortal souls, but as long as we live and our souls are enclosed by our earthly bodies, we cannot hear the music of the spheres. Look how the floor of heaven Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold: There's not the smallest orb which thou behold'st But in his motion like an angel sings, Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubins; Such harmony is in immortal souls; But whilst this muddy vesture of decay Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. Give me my principal, and let me go. The quality of mercy is not strain'd, It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven Upon the place beneath: it is twice blest; It blesseth him that gives and him that takes: 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest: it becomes The throned monarch better than his crown; His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, The attribute to awe and majesty, Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; But mercy is above this sceptred sway; It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, It is an attribute to God himself; And earthly power doth then show likest God's When mercy seasons justice. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee speak: I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more. He hath disgraced me, and hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine enemies; and what's his reason? These two words are the total opposites of each other. It was not until the twelfth century that in northern Europe England, Germany, and France , a region until then peripheral but at this point expanding fast, a form of Judeophobia developed that was considerably more violent because of a new dimension of imagined behaviors, including accusations that Jews engaged in ritual murder, profanation of the host, and the poisoning of wells.
Go, go, Tubal, and meet me at our synagogue; go, good Tubal; at our synagogue, Tubal. To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge. I have spoke thus much To mitigate the justice of thy plea; Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there. The Merchant of Venice was in the repertory of Shakespeare's company before they took up residence at the Globe in 1599. Antonio answers Gratiano's concern for his state of mind with a bit of fatalism. As a result, he cannot be talked out of taking his pound of flesh. But he would likely not have been fully accepted by the Christians, as they would remember his Jewish birth.
A Daniel come to judgment! This caused a lot of ill feeling towards the Jewish people and gave them a reason to become anti-Semitic. I would my daughter were dead at my foot, and the jewels in her ear! In many ways this is because he is both a victim and a villain. Ay, his breast: So says the bond: doth it not, noble judge? Usury was forbidden to Christians by the church of the Middle Ages, and as a consequence, money lending was controlled by the Jews; as a rule, it was usually the only occupation which the law allowed to them. Further reading Look up in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Shylock and antisemitism Shylock and Jessica by Since Shakespeare's time, the character's name has become a for , and as a to means to at exorbitant. Sympathetic reading Shylock and Portia 1835 by Many modern readers and audiences have read the play as a plea for tolerance, with Shylock as a sympathetic character.