Rather, Sociology because of its bearing upon many of the problems of the present world has assumed such a great importance that it is considered to be the best approach to all the social sciences and the key-study for the present situations. But there are others who assert that Sociology is as much a science as other social sciences like Political Science, History, Economics, etc. Actually social forms cannot be abstracts from the content at all, since social forms keep on changing as the content change. The heavenly bodies cannot be induced to put in an appearance in the laboratory. Contemporary Political Sociology discussed economic, political, and cultural globalization means that what the state is and does is now itself in question. To sum up, the value of Sociology lies in the fact that it keeps us up-to-date on modern situations; it contributes to making good citizens; it contributes to the solution of community problems; it adds to the knowledge of the society; it helps the individual find his relation to society; it identifies good government with community and it helps one to understand causes of things and so on.
They successfully demonstrated to the social scientists as to how political study could be advanced by studying politics in the social context. Power is a widespread and an important aspect of social interaction, which is necessary in determining the relationship between individuals and members of a group. While democracy promises impartiality and legal equality before all citizens, the capitalist system results in unequal and thus possible political inequality as well. Its extended study includes the relationship between various states and conflicts between them. Study of Elections and Political Participation: Modern studies of Political Science give added importance to the study of elections, electoral politics, voting- behaviour and participation of the people in politics. Sociology is, on the one hand, a synthetic discipline, trying to unify from a central point of view the results of separate disciplines; and on the other, an analytic and specialised science with its own field of research.
It tries to determine the relation between different parts of factors of social life for example the economic and political, the moral and the legal, the intellectual and the social elements. Two opposite views about the nature of science. Simultaneously, the class formations around which national political parties were organized have become split and the political concerns associated with class based political parties Problematized. It was quite natural that his attempts to comprehend and control the natural phenomena had started earlier and met with greater success than his attempts to understand the social phenomena because it was easier for him to understand the physical phenomena by virtue of the fact that they were more concrete and hence more observable with a greater degree of detachment. Comte was, However, overtly optimistic. Study of Man as a Political Being: Politics studies man as a political man just as Economics studies man as an economic man.
There is another kind of political theory developed in America popularly known as the Empirical-Scientific political theory. Linguism, regionalism and casteism are raising their ugly heads. Arguments such as these gave credence to individual-centred analysis and policies to counter the state-centred theories of the mercantilists. It should refrain itself from making a historical study of concrete societies. The making of the decision itself. The Scholastics: The period thereafter was overshadowed and overwhelmed by scholastic thinking.
The growing conceptual analytical and theoretical convergence in political sociology is becoming more and more evident in the various streams of research, be they anthropological, historical, macro-sociological, micro-sociological or psychological studies. Sociology also impresses upon us the necessity of overcoming narrow personal prejudices, egoistic ambitions and class hatred. It is a general science but it is also a special science. Synthetic school wanted sociology to be synthesis of the social sciences and thus wanted to widen the scope of sociology. Political ideology includes discussion and diagnosis, as well as the means prescription on how to achieve that ideal goal.
Study of origin, nature, e and functions of State is an integral part of the study of Politics. Sociology—a distinct science: Sociology has by now been able to establish itself as a distinct science concerned with the scientific study of social phenomena. Experimentation and prediction are not its requirements. Alternative arrangements and state policies developed historically and reinforced specific patterns of corporate capitalism with repercussions for economic expansion, interstate relations, and domestic labour relations and business practices. Mckee holds that Social Action, Social Structure, Social Processes and Social Institutions are included in the scope of sociology. The distinction between political philosophy and political theory is explained by the fact that whereas a political philosopher is a political theorist, but a political theorist may not necessarily be a political philosopher. Citizen participation in government 4.
Political sociology tends to have a broader and also historical space. Historians have utilized political economy to discover the ways in the past that persons and groups with common economic interests have used politics to effect changes useful to their interests. Political science, International law also studies forms of social relationship. Social dynamics deals with the interrelations between the various social factors and institutions in a certain given society, for instance, in a primitive society. Elite or managerial theory is sometimes called a state-centered approach.
We shall not, for example, study religion as religion, art as art, or government as government, but as the forces that maintain and control social relations. Sociology in this sense is not a science because its subject-matter, the human relationships, we can neither catch nor see; neither weigh nor analyse in the test-tube of the laboratory. He tried to fence off social science from various irrational influences. Sociology is a growing science. Owing to the fact that social phenomenon is too vast, human motivations are complex; it is difficult to make predictions about human behaviour. Both Lipset and Runchimen have fixed the timing of the emergence of political sociology at about the middle of 19th century when under the impact of industrialised revolution the traditional European social order gave in to modern society. In the 19th century, English political economist David Ricardo further advanced Smith's philosophies.
Attempt is made to find out if there are links among various institutions which would be treated independently in social physiology and in the course to discover general social laws. The special sociologies study a specific socio-cultural phenomenon which is selected for detailed study. Few political sociologists presume the nation-state to vanish in the twenty-first century, but they expect changes and greater salience for non-state politics. Tonnies, Vier Kandt, Simmel and Max Weber have also greatly influenced the development of sociology. The study of social structure should include demography, that is, the branch of study concerned with various aspects of human population and how they affect or are affected by the social relations. Though it may appear that it political science and political sociology trespassing each other boundary but there is a basic difference.