There is some cheesiness - the slow motion shots, the courtesan behavior. In any case, before long she had aroused the jealousy of the Muslim nobility by the favoritism she displayed toward Yaqut. All her formal education has been in the English language but her soul babbles in Hindi as much as it does in English. She features in an online comic strip titled Razia Sultan by Halima Voyles and remains inspirational for every little girl who is told she is not as good as her brothers. He imparted a similar training in martial arts and administration to all his children, including Razia. She established a host of schools, academies, centres for research, and public libraries. Iltutmish had been a great favourite of his master, , the first Sultan of Delhi, and had been married to his only daughter Qutb Begum or also known as Turkan Khatun , who gave birth to Razia.
Although Minhaj's history of the times is considered to be among the most reliable sources of information about Razia, Mihaj spent the last years of his life in the service of Balban, who had brought an end to Razia's rule. Such is the fate history has accorded to one of the most celebrated women the world has known. However, those skills were imparted to her only expecting her to later make a good queen to a king and offer advice and assistance if needed — not to be a ruler herself. No ruler before him had ever chosen a woman successor. The alleys to her tomb lead a visitor through decrepit buildings and nauseous open gutters.
Nope,in fact yakut was a serpent,who was jealous of Altunia and made false allegations against him,thereby trying to get close to Razia. Altumish therefore nominated his daughter to be his successor, against the advice of some of his courtiers and kadis. Lyrics were by and two songs by who walked into the project when Akhtar died. Razia trained in combat by her Ethiopian slave Yakoot who suspiciously looks like a blacked up Dharmendra! Besides Minhaj, there are two other contemporary chroniclers of Razia's life: Fakhr-I-Mudabbir and Sadruddin Hasan Nizami. She adopted a gender-neutral attire instead, more like the male rulers before her.
A battle between Razia and Altunia ensued, with the result that Yaqut was killed and Razia taken prisoner. Grand-daughter of Qutub-ud-din Aibak, and daughter of Shams-ud-din Illtumish, Razia was born a princess like many other nameless and countless girls born around her every day. She is also credited to have been a just and generous ruler who genuinely cared about her subjects. He broke away from Muslim tradition and named Razia as his heir apparent, becoming the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor. All the plots eventually came to surface and Razia was wise enough to realise her mistake and eventually accepted her childhood sweetheart Altunia. According to him, Razia rode the horse into battle dressed like a soldier, administered justice, conquered new territories and presided over the affairs of state.
Zakaria speculates that the queen may have been too preoccupied with the affairs of state or may have been psychologically blocked—possibly from her upbringing—to have given sway to her emotions. In this case she yielded, having concluded that the bonds of Islam were weaker than old prejudices. Razia reigned for approximately three and a half years 1236-1240 , and although she made important reforms in government, she was ultimately unable to reconcile her Muslim nobility to her ruling as a woman. But Turkish nobility enraged at her relationship with a black man start a power struggle for the throne. The child was brought up by the King and later married a princess. Completely devoted to her empire, she was well respected and loved by her subjects.
The leader of this conspiracy was Malik Ikhtiar-ud-din Aitigin who had risen from the office of the governor of Badaun. Both she and her husband were seized by and assassinated. Meanwhile, Muizuddin Bahram Shah declared himself the Sultan of Delhi. Encroachments have all but consumed the site, blocking the sun from her wistful tomb. She became selfish to save herself and married with Iltunia the murderer of her lover. After Altunia and Razia undertook to take back the sultanate from Bahram through battle, both Razia and her husband—neither one more than 30 years of age—were both killed on October 14, 1240 some sources say October 13. Iltutmish was not only a very efficient ruler, but also a very liberal minded person.
Minhaj's point of view is therefore suspect given that he was unlikely to have included details in his account that would have brought embarrassment to his patron. She courageously commanded an army against him, but was defeated and taken prisoner by Altunia. London: Hood Hood Books, 1998. Charming, innocent yet a lot of history packed in to a short episode. All respect to her pious spirit and her true love for her childhood friend Altunia. In fact, her ancestral roots trace back to Turkish Seljuk slaves! The work's author, Minhajus Seraj, served Iltutmish, Razia, and Balban. On one hand, she met criticism from the Turkish Amirs, who were the royal multi-tribal leaders, and the Maliks, who led the small communities, for the favoritism she showed toward her Abyssinian slave, Jamaluddin Yaqut.
However, her ascent to the throne did not come easily. A descendant of the Moslems of Turkish extraction who invaded India in the eleventh century, Razia died 1240 was the only woman ever crowned in the Delhi sultanate, which ruled parts of India from 1210 to 1526. After her succession, the court officials start to gossip about her personal life, and her affair with a Yakut Jamaluddin. In 1230, he had to leave the capital in order to lead an invasion against. Qutb-ud-din's reign marked the beginning of the Delhi sultanate under the Slave dynasty—so named because many of the sultans of this time were former slaves. As sultan, he had consolidated Turkish control of northern India and his empire extended from Prashar in the northwest to the Brahmaputra River in Bengal and Gujurat and Orissa in the south. But their accounts have never achieved the authority of Minhaj's.
As Iltutmish wanted Razia to rule over India, to keep her father's promise Razia did not marry Altunia but she kept a friendly relationship. Insulted that he was asked to wait by someone so junior to him, Kamal replaced them with Khayyam. His death led Razia to become the first Muslim woman ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. Razia Sultan, a brave sultan belonged to slave dynasty and was the first mulim women to rule India and only women to occupy the throne of Delhi. Razia is rightfully the subject of many popular legends.