You have long heard about cow farts causing global warming. The argument itself is trivial and absurd, as is the way of these philosophical debates, but the point is profound. So it has become in our own day. We have already seen the Department of Homeland Security getting into the act by seizing hundreds of domain names over the past two years, allegedly for intellectual property violations and other offenses. To carry it to the excess of destruction would be an abuse, to presume which would banish that confidence which is essential to all government.
The axioms are shown to be valid by this line of reasoning, but, unhappily, they are thereby made very nearly irrelevant. The people brought into being the governments; hence, the people are the supreme authority over them. As long as we have to pay income tax, we are slaves of the government. In our case, we have taxation with representation. .
This is the basis for the federal control of the means of dispensing drugs and selling firearms. But their study of history proved that it is the nature of almost all men who come to power, to abuse the people by taking more and more from them through government taxation. At least three destructive activities result. Society is best served by promoting a system of taxation that fosters equality of opportunity, by providing essential services to which everyone contributes in accordance with their ability to pay. Maryland was actually a rebuke delivered to an uppity state Maryland that was trying to tax a federal institution the Second Bank of the United States. Therefore, if the person sponsoring the tax wants to limit the growth of a sector of business or to reduce the ability of a segment of population in order to meet his own or his party's goal, he has the power to destroy.
Even if we ignore the moral argument that taxes are theft and ignore the consequentialist arguments that taxes hamper the pursuit of happiness and lower economic efficiency, the power to tax has numerous harmful incentives that indeed encourage destruction in many ways. Obviously, rulers are unable to choose actions that satisfy every subject's individual preferences, even if they know them; but also no ruler knows what the subjects want now or ten minutes from now. Second, rulers recruit a corps of propagandists, in government and out, who tout the party line, and in return receive money, favors, access, or other emoluments that they value, including power and feelings of importance. The strange thing about these axioms is that they have been permitted to remain in the limited context in which he found use for them rather than being given general application. This is exacerbated by exploitation of the tyranny of the majority which can lead the majority of less wealthy and have-nots to demand more and more services and paying for them by inflicting ever more onerous taxes on the wealthy while diminishing their own burdens. Truth is a casualty of the power to tax. How much of savings are to be subtly seized by the inflation? In other words, the government can't force you to buy something outright, but they can tax you for not buying it.
Never do they ponder the Journal of the American Medical Association's own estimate of 225,000 medically-caused deaths per year in America. Before proceeding to the broader application of these principles, or axioms, it is in order first to explain the context within which they were employed by Chief Justice Marshall. Clearly enough, the power to tax does involve the power to destroy. They can only vote, gripe or write letters, highly imperfect means of affecting ruling actions. If the states may tax the bank, to what extent shall they tax i … t, and where shall they stop? Occasionally newspapers carry stories of the failure of some company.
If the government, either by taxation or any other device, comes into control it is the control of the superior by the inferior. Webster, in arguing the case, said: An unlimited power to tax involves, necessarily, a power to destroy, 17 U. It did not intend to give the judiciary. Granted that if states could tax one instrument they could tax others. What services can no longer be offered because of the increased taxation? In the case of McCulloch v.
If the states may tax, they have no limit but their discretion; and the bank, therefore, must depend on the discretion of the state governments for its existence. And, if there is taxation, it will have the effect of destroying some marginal undertakings. But the rigors of living free were just too much for them. Why not mandate the eating of healthy foods? Eighth, the power to tax encourages rulers to adopt measures that work badly. Some of them would no doubt have failed had there been no taxes to pay, none to collect, and no records to keep.
A graduated income tax does not, per se, tax wealth that has been accumulated in earlier times; rather, it taxes current income. These encourage the rulers to expand their destructive acts. It is the idea that U. It is nothing more nor less than this: All governments in the United States derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. To answer that, let's examine this in light of Scalia's broccoli conundrum.
Not to worry about any of these concerns: Team Blue has just won the football game, and for about half of the American public that's all they know or care about. What is the power to tax without the means to compel payment? Who is the rightful supreme authority over what has been created, produced, or provided? The average figure is mitigated by categories on the lower end of the spectrum. One way is to make taxes flatter and expand the tax base. Yet another remarkable ruling to barely make headlines in this week of the Obamacare monstrosity is the case of Kim Dotcom, the Megaupload founder who was arrested and had his mansion raided and property seized earlier this year. The power to tax, then, is the power to destroy. Chief Justice John Marshall was at his axiomatic best in the Supreme Court opinion set forth in McCulloch v. I am Certified to teach 9 different subjects and have Principal, Supervisory, and Superintendent Certification I have thirty years experience as a secondary school teacher, coach, and principal.