He dropped the name Little considered a slave name by the Nation of Islam and became known as Malcolm X. Billy had started going to this youth service around his sophomore year of high school. For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures, and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. When he dropped out of school he moved to Boston, Massachusetts working various odd jobs, and then traveled to Harlem, … New York where he engaged in criminal activity. The first mask served a nationalism Malcolm had rejected before the book was finished; the second is mostly empty and available.
This journey revealed to him the internal role of the black man and the possibilities of an international union of purpose among black people. So in changing his last name to X it was a sign for unknown. Emphasis and second ellipsis in original. During this time of his birth Calvin Coolidge was president of the United States. In addition Malcolm X was a leader in the Nation of Islam in the 1960's promoting self-pride and nationalism for African Americans.
Not merely members of departments with a history of corruption and racism. He then moves to New York, where he begins working as a hustler in Harlem. Perhaps most of the country, as we cant ignore, there are still some racial problems that can be an ongoing event that will probably never end. Haley influenced the narrative's direction and tone while remaining faithful to his subject's syntax and diction. He preached his message of black activism for blacks only until his trip to Mecca where he realiz … ed that Blacks and Whites could co-exist harmoniously.
In 1952, after his release from prison, Little visited Elijah Muhammad of the Nation of Islam in Chicago, Illinois. Between 1989 and 1992, sales of the book increased by 300%. While there he was converted to Islam. The Autobiography of Malcolm X was published after his death in 1965 and became a best-seller; the book was co-written by , later the author of Roots… Malcolm X married Betty Sanders, later called Betty Shabazz, in 1958; they had six daughters together. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters.
On Sunday, February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated. As a sociological study, it provides fascinating insights into ghetto life and the ways which one man learned to survive in the ghetto. Malcolm's defiant behavior toward authority remained a problem, and at thirteen, he was sent to the Michigan State Detention Home, bound for reform school. . As in the Romaine papers, I found more evidence of Haley's sometimes-weekly private commentary with McCormick about the laborious process of composing the book. Haley eventually shifted the focus of the interviews toward the life of his subject when he asked Malcolm X about his mother: I said, 'Mr. When he was released in 1952, he began to work with Elijah Muhammad, the Nation of Islam's leader.
Legacy In the immediate aftermath of Malcolm X's death, commentators largely ignored his recent spiritual and political transformation and criticized him as a violent rabble-rouser. Wideman and Rampersad agree with Marable's description of Haley's book-writing process. African-American Autobiography: A Collection of Critical Essays Paperback ed. Right before he was assassinated, Malcolm X had turned a corner and preached at the possibility for peaceful resolution to America's race problems. At the same time Mr.
Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. The other children became wards of the state. For the next two years, he served as the head of mosques known as Temple Number 1, 11, 12, and finally 7. Beginning in the 1960s, Malcolm was invited to participate in numerous debates, including forums on radio stations in Los Angeles, New York, Washington. This job took him for the first time to New York City, and when he was fired from the railroad for wild behavior, he went to Harlem to live.
In the Autobiography 's epilogue, Haley describes the incident: I sent Malcolm X some rough chapters to read. Malcolm is sentenced to eight to ten years in prison. Inspired by the faith, Malcolm stops using drugs; he reads voraciously, prays, studies English and Latin, and joins the prison debate team. I was appalled when they were soon returned, red-inked in many places where he had told of his almost father-and-son relationship with Elijah Muhammad. Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. He described their collaborative process and the events at the end of Malcolm X's life.
Malcolm X: As They Knew Him Mass Market Paperback ed. In 1967, historian wrote that it would become a classic American autobiography. The Autobiography of Malcolm X audio cassettes ed. Its second Malcolm—the El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz finale—is a mask with no distinct ideology, it is not particularly Islamic, not particularly nationalist, not particularly humanist. New York: Oxford University Press. Due largely to Malcolm X, the Nation of Islam grew from a mere 400 members at the time he was released from prison in 1952 to 40,000 members by 1960. In 1964, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam and journeyed to Mecca in Saudi Arabia to perform hajj.