Conclusion The reason that juvenile courts were originally created in the nineteenth century was because society recognized that juveniles did not have the cognitive development that adults had, would benefit more from rehabilitative services to prevent recidivism, and needed more protections. This means a child may engage in dangerous behavior without fully realizing the risks and consequences for themselves and others. These young offenders may no right from wrong, but they are unable to process the long term affects of their decisions. By keeping convicts locked up away from society, often without education, the prison system does nothing to turn its criminals into members of society. On the other hand, juvenile delinquents who commit a crime when they are very young, will most likely repress the memory of that crime, such that as the time of their sentence progresses, they will only have a vague recollection of the crime. Crimes committed by juveniles have increase by 30% in the past couple years Khan.
This posed many problems, given that there were typically no distinctions made between age, gender, and mental illness, so prison and jail populations were mixed with juveniles and adult criminals. We need stronger school systems, more after school programs, more counselors at schools and not cops. Why would you try a juvenile as an adult? An adult will typically spend their sentence thinking about what they did, which typically leads to remorse. It also would have established specialized courts for young adult defendants and allowed some prisoners as old as 23 to remain in juvenile facilities. The question that remains to be answered then is -- does the sentence serve any actual purpose? In some parts of the brain, this connectivity increased by as much as 4 percent between the ages of 20 and 30, compared to as much as a 6 percent change between the ages of ten and 20. When the kids are in highschool they should be taking an anger management class to deal with the emotions and cognitive changes they are going through. Research shows that the rate at which juvenile violators of the law turn their lives around as opposed to older violators is remarkable.
In other states, the politics have proven more difficult. Violent crimes are committed in the United States every day. Punishing the child lets the parents off the hook for their role in the crime. In the 1960s, a series of cases made their way to the U. Some may have reverse waiver laws that allow juveniles who are charged in adult court to petition that court to have the case transferred to juvenile court; in these cases, the burden is on the juvenile to prove why the case should be transferred to juvenile court. In my opinion, such actions are difficult to unlearn.
Nationwide, the incarceration rate of 18- to 24-year olds dropped by 28 percent between 2001 and 2013, according to a data analysis from the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. There are similar cases around the country of juvenile offenders that have committed violent crime. No matter if its shop lifting or cold blood murder, charge the kids as adults and maybe they will start thinking like one and grow up. Patrick is one of about 1,200 children under the age of 18 who are being held in adult prisons across the country. At 16, one can operate a motor vehicle, and that is about it. The Marshall Project does not endorse the viewpoints or vouch for the accuracy of reports other than its own.
Minors should be tried as adults because they made the same mistakes as adults. Then again, everyone is equal right? Instead, according to the Justice Department, serious criminal offenses such as rape, assault, robbery with violence, drug trafficking have increased among juveniles to 30 percent with ten percent of all homicides being at the hands of juveniles. If children do not even receive the same rights as adults in the first place, it makes no sense to try them in adult court. Our desire to ratchet up consequences is understandable. Against Juveniles be Tried as Adults There are many debates as to the ethical reasons for and against the law that juveniles should be tried as adults when they commit a crime that is classified as bad murder.
Lack of parenting might have led them to the gangs, and the gang might have told them who and how to shoot, but it was ultimately the boys who decided to shoot. Fewer family responsibilities made it less imperative for young adults to work full time, and with the downsizing of the manufacturing sector, there were also fewer jobs available for young men without a college degree. While young people must be held accountable for serious crimes, the juvenile justice system exists for precisely that purpose. Funneling more youth into the adult system does no good and much harm. Rehabilitation is more possible in an environment that is conducive to education, where young prisoners can gain insight into their behavior to produce a positive transformation.
Statistics compiled from 15 states revealed that juveniles prosecuted in adult court and released from state prisons were rearrested 82 percent of the time, while their adult counterparts were rearrested 16 percent less. In November, Williams shot at a police officer in as he was being chased after being pulled over in a car with two other men. Supreme Court has ruled capital punishment unconstitutional for anyone who hasn't celebrated their 16th birthday. It does not mean that because it was a child who committed the crime, the family of the victim does not continue to suffer. We as a society have get out of the century year old mentality than 13-18 years of age are ignorant of their actions, because they're not and they will play the system as long as the system let them.
But we can't do it alone. Are we seeing a drop because children are thinking more carefully about their crimes, knowing they could receive adult sentences? When a teenager commits such a crime such as murder they must be tried, and they should not be treated with leniency and coddling, but with the full force of the law as an adult. He is eligible for parole 10 to 20 years but faces deportation after. Join and follow updates on. A juvenile who knows that they will be punished for their crimes is far less likely to commit them. Beyond politics, one of the challenges of asserting that 18- to 25-year-olds are not full adults is that science shows some people in this age group are much more mature than others, with more static brains. The private MacArthur Foundation study released today says that many children under 16 had as much difficulty grasping the complex legal proceedings as adults who had been ruled incompetent to go to court.