Chipman, Moctezuma's Children: Aztec Royalty Under Spanish Rule, 1520-1700. Further Reading Much valuable information on Montezuma can be found in George C. The indigenous peoples themselves may have wanted someone to blame as well. These included ceremonial costumes, a massive gold disk representing the sun and an even bigger one representing the moon. Cortes sent Montezuma to the rooftop to speak with his people and plead for calm, but they were having none of it.
Montezuma was qualified: he was relatively young, was a prince of the royal family, he had distinguished himself in battle and had a keen understanding of politics and religion. He is portrayed as influenced by the belief that Cortes was Quetzalcoatl returned, and weak and indecisive, saving the conquistadores from certain defeat in one battle by ordering the Aztecs to stop. Based on my understanding of the gods of ancient mythology, Cortez sounds like he fits right in. Nearly all of the treasure was gone as well. He taught Cortes and his lieutenants to play traditional Mexica games and even took them hunting outside of the city. As the conquistadors were making their desperate attempt to escape from the Aztecs, much of the treasure was cast into the causeway to lighten their loads. If your trained in all 3, then use whatever you feel like! In May of 1520, Cortes had to go to the coast with as many soldiers as he could spare to deal with an army led by.
Austin: University of Texas Press 2005, p. Today his name has a lot of spellings, including Montezuma and Motecuhzoma. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The juxtaposition of the two scenes could have led to misinterpretation and to the belief that this character also represented Moctezuma. Cortes called Tenochtitlan New Spain Cortes, H. They strangled him when they departed, when the Spaniards fled the city at night.
He received a lot of telegraphs saying to 'Abdicate' and so he had no choice but to abdicate, however the Bolsheviks Their leader Lenin wanted to end the Romanov Dynasty. His visitation goes from 12 p. That he had a fascination for dwarves, hunchbacks and albinos, all of which were kept in special chambers within the royal palace and we also know that he wore golden sandals and loved to hunt birds using a blowpipe. The result was a smallpox epidemic that lasted 60 days New World Encyclopedia, 2013. In Book 12 of the twelve-volume , the account in Spanish and Nahuatl is accompanied by illustrations by natives. Moctezuma continued to govern his empire and even undertook conquests of new territory during the Spaniards' stay at Tenochtitlan.
He was quite free from sodomy. In 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes arrived on the outskirts of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the mighty Aztec Empire. Originally a helmet of gold topped with 400 feathers, Cortés has the gold melted and the head piece sent to Charles V of Spain. Moctezuma was aware of this and he sent gifts to the Spaniards, probably in order to show his superiority to the Spaniards and Tlaxcalteca. This prompted a fierce reaction from the Aztec population, who rose against the conquistadors.
Other holders of Spanish noble titles that descend from the Aztec emperor include. While a prisoner of the Spanish, Montezuma developed a sort of strange friendship with his captor,. Also, according to the Spanish law, the king had no right to demand that foreign peoples become his subjects, but he had every right to bring rebels to heel. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Had Montezuma refused to allow himself to be taken captive, history would most likely have been very different. He was very neat and clean, and took a bath every afternoon.
Unable to restore order, Cortes had a reluctant Montezuma hauled to the roof of the palace, where he pleaded with his people to stop attacking the Spanish. Stoning whether accompanied by suicidal death wish or not , death inflicted by a sharp weapon, or being strangled all had different implications, in terms of ultimate fate, each relevant in terms of their pre-Hispanic Náhuatl cultural contexts, and which had distinct forms of expression during funeral ceremonies. His actions led to revolts and to wars between Tenochtitlán and several tribes. Moctezuma was then succeeded by his brother , who died shortly after during a epidemic. In his Historia, states that on 1 July 1520, the Spanish forced Moctezuma to appear on the balcony of his palace, appealing to his countrymen to retreat. Another theory claims that the treasure was retrieved by the Spaniards when they returned to Tenochtitlan, but the ship that was carrying the treasure back to Spain was sunk in a storm.
Montezuma died several days later, in June 1520, either from wounds inflicted by the mob or at the hands of the Spaniards. Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex, written some 50 years after the conquest. The Beginning of the End Even before the Spanish arrived, all was not quite well with the Aztecs for their empire was based not on military might but existed as a loose binding of subject states run by puppet rulers who extracted the tributes mentioned above and imposed the worship of the Aztec deity. We know of one particular statue which 14 sculptors worked on at Chapultepec. When Cortes and his men were in Cholula on their way to Tenochtitlan, Montezuma ordered an ambush set up between Cholula and Tenochtitlan. Fearing that they were emissaries of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, whose return was believed to be imminent, and following the decisions of the Supreme Council of the Indian Confederation, Montezuma tried to appease the conquistadores by sending gifts and offering homage. On the night of the 1 st of July 1520, the Spanish made their escape.
He ordered his men to on May 20, 1520. According to the Spanish sources Motecuhzoma allowed them entry to the city. The latter alone left offspring, from whom descends the Sotelo-Montezuma family. Click the link for more information. When he came to power after Ahuitzotl's death, it was natural that his job should be to consolidate the power that had come so recently to the Aztecs.
The Aztecs 2nd edition, revised ed. He had many accomplishments such as building a ten mile dike and aqueduct both in 1449 with the help of Nezahualcoyotl, 46 military conquests, a zoo and zoological gardens built for he was a lover of flowers and nature, instituted the flowery wars under Tlacaelel's advice, had botanical gardens at Hauxtepec and Oaxtepec, an aviary and conquest stone carved among others. About six hundred Spaniards roughly half of Cortes' army were killed, along with most of his horses. According to some native accounts, Montezuma recovered from his wounds and was killed by the Spanish, but those accounts agree that he was at least grievously wounded by the people of Tenochtitlan. On the 8th of November 1519, Cortes and Moctezuma met. And they were all dressed alike except that Mutezuma wore sandals whereas the others went barefoot; and they held his arm on either side.