This will become the topic sentence for a paragraph one-fourth of a page long. Underline the paragraph's first sentence, which often contains the paragraph's main idea. This is a big help, and I will read more of your Hubs. Once you've done this write down your initial impression. How to produce a summary: 1. As skeptical moderns, we often have trouble accepting drawings or paintings as historical records, but we tend to believe in photographs the way that we believe in mirrors; we simply accept them as the truth.
This will present the reader with the most basic information about the original text right away. Avoid using the same language or word choice as the original text, unless you are quoting it directly. Similarly, if the author uses some specialized terms or vocabulary that is difficult to say in any other way, you should use the same words. Other times, you might just summarize smaller parts of the essay and mix it with what you think. You can also ask yourself what point or points or themes come up throughout the entire piece.
However, you should not keep the same structure of sentences. Add one or two supporting sentences. Now write a paragraph for each. The most important thing is to be consistent in the verb tense you use. Therefore, your sentences should not match the original. Every detail is important if you want to come up with a good article summary in a due course. The reporting verb is generally in present tense.
Finish the opening line by including the main theme or idea in the text. Try not to copy the original words. Use your own words in the summary. Then, revise it to ensure that your writing is clear and the grammar, punctuation, and spelling are all perfect. You can then include supporting points in the rest of the summary that relate back to this main theme or idea. Often, in English, the main ideas are in the first sentence of each paragraph, but sometimes they can be at the end or the middle. Summaries focus exclusively on the presentation of the writer's main ideas--they do not include your interpretations or opinions.
If you type the kind of paper you are doing in Google and then add my name or Owlcation, you can find them. At the same time, the paper will need to be edited for style your readers need to be able to understand you. Generally, an article without an author is not a good source. I was an English major, but have not written formally for a long time. Finding the main idea of a short work might require a closer line-by-line reading. Summarizing primary sources allows you to keep track of your observations. Here are some examples: 1.
Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below. In other words, your summary should be written objectively, without opinion or feeling, rather than subjectively, which would include personal opinions and feelings. You don't need to use an author's title Dr. There is a clear format for including the author tags in summaries. Last updated: June 21, 2018. The underlined phrase in the paragraph introducing Nash's summary is an example of orienting information. Occasionally, the author doesn't actually say the main idea, but gives you a lot of details and lets you read them and decide on the main idea by yourself.
Glad you find the information useful. It had twenty-eight chapters and covered a thirty-year span in the life of the main character on two continents. Writing the Summary Essay: A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it. The sentences below show ways to do this. If you do copy a phrase from the original be sure it is a very important phrase that is necessary and cannot be paraphrased. Once you finish a draft of the summary paragraph, read it over and revise it so it is short and to the point. Sometimes you summarize the whole article and then tell what you think.
This can be done in a separate paragraph or section in your paper. It is crucial to remember, though, that the purpose of an analytical essay is only partly to demonstrate that you know and can summarize the work of others. The resulting patchwork will almost certainly be inadequate. Here are some examples: 1. Pay attention to the author's purpose for writing the paragraph. However, sometimes you will need to use special words exactly as they are, especially if the words are technical. Example: Overall, the changes that occurred in hockey have helped to improve the game.
For a summary of a shorter work, chose transitional words and phrases that accurately reflect the meaning of the original. If the article is shorter, your summary should be about one to two pages. This will help you start to put the piece's arguments in your own words. Immediately after his introduction to an essay on Whittaker Chambers, a key player in the start of the Cold War, Bradley Nash included four sentences summarizing the foreword to his main source, Chambers's autobiography. Hockey is faster and more exciting as a result of changes in the past 120 years. In general, also omit examples, illustrations, and figures of speech.
The steps below explain the process of editing and revision. You do need to make sure that your summary does not use the same phrases or sentences of the original see my article on paraphrasing correctly: Your summary should use the main idea of the article for your topic. Slowly but surely you drive your audience to making a conclusion of their own after reading your view of the problem. If you are writing a summary for yourself, it's up to you how long or short it will be but remember, a summary is supposed to be a short regurgitation of the information outline in an article. Once you have the main idea down, identify one to three examples from the original text that support the main idea. Summaries you write to prepare for an essay will generally be longer and more detailed than those you include in the essay itself.