You need to know which hens produce the most eggs and raise healthy babies as well. Inbreeding, requires skill in making planned matings and rigid selection, thus being most successful when applied by 'master breeders. The man I got them from on his yard they are around 5pounds. Netherlands - The Korps Commandotroepen. I've tried to explain this before, but if you bred BxS for x generations the longer you breed the farther they get from the original mating.
Good luck with your breeding and use the internet to look up some of the basic breeding terms such as fecundation, allele, homozygous and heterozygous. How did these men accomplish this when so many modern textbooks on poultry genetics maintain this is impossible to do? After 4 or 5 years go back and select some to breed back into yours. Both linebreeding and inbreeding reduce genetic variability, often with the aim of eliminating genes for undesirable recessive characteristics. Inbreeding can be a disaster if practiced by a breeder beginning with the wrong stock, or not knowing perfectly the breed, or not knowing what is a very good individual. You're right Jim any animal can be homozygous for certain traits, but to be homozygous for every allele and pass it down would be a down right miracle. While there is still a long ways to go to get to the truth of whether or not this theory is accurate, I believe it is not. Such as birds that are smaller in size, shorter in station, they may have many different color variations as well.
The more you inbreed; the more like genes are fixed. Improvement requires an understanding of breeding and breeding systems. It is the hereditary unit that transmits characteristics from parents to offspring. Sooner or later inbreeding to some extent is going to have to be practiced to maintain any consistency and uniformity in the line. Firstly, select the male that you feel is the best, the one which most accurately represents the standards for the breed, and then study him closely and list his faults. This will give you 1st generation offspring.
Study them carefully and make sure they will further your breeding goals. For example my broodcock is Lemon I single mate it with the roundhead hen, then I also single mate my lemon broodcock to my Dink sweater hen. Genetics is an exact science and one only need keep very comprehensive records to single out what traits and what genes come from which fowl from bloodlines being crossed. Here is a pic of my Leiper undubbed. If one has a superior male and lovely bitch excelling in health, type, temperament, and conformation. They have caused a big ruckus with my other birds that are out in the my large pen. They achieve desired results by eliminating animals that do not reflect their goals.
A good exhibitor will normally only sell good birds to those who can demonstrate the willingness or experience to carry on the hard work of the original breeder. Geneticist say that after six generations apart, that animals are not considered related. Avoid at all costs an arrogant or forceful approach, after all you are asking the breeder to let you have part of a line which will have taken many years and in some cases generations to make and they are under absolutely no obligation to assist you; some breeders in fact never let their birds go to anyone other than trusted friends and successful exhibitors of other breeds who have demonstrated that skill and dedication to warrant their trust. There are many reasons to out-cross, for example: Improving the general health of your flock; lack of improvement in your present breeding program, which is an indication that your birds are simply lacking the right genes. If you go far enough they are not considered related even if they started from the originals. Jungleexplorer, Your roosters at one time did have a comb. Histories of Game Strains, Grit and Steel, no date given, p.
Strengthening desirable dominants as well as hidden recessive, the breeder must recognize and correct once again through out crossing. The first two hens are what you would call buttermilk in color, which is one type of grey hen. Improvement is enhanced by sharing stock with other serious breeders. If not, then you are only breeding a cock of average gameness. Now keep in mind this originated from one pair. When they get highly inbred they work great for making crosses. The first factor is maintaining a large breeding population to select a few very outstanding fowl to perpetuate the strain.
Select nicest stag to breed back the mom and the nicest pullet to breed back to the cock. Single breeding: is exactly how it sounds, a cock bred with a single hen or rotating that cock with three or four hens that are individually penned. I got some of my blues 4 hours from house. Many cockers practiced variations of the rolling-matings and clan-matings systems. The more heavily you can cull, the better the genetic quality of your brood fowl you will have. Calcium deficiency can also reduce their hatchability.
Narragansett Method--Line Breeding One method of inbreeding made popular by Frank Shy is the Narragansett Method. The present discussion defines linebreeding and how we can more accurately describe our linebred litters. Of course it is also time to use an outcross when a breeder has not produced what he has wished or when he can have access to a superior animal or a very rare and proven pedigree which is not yet in his program. If the selection of the ancestors has been good, no or very few surprises should be expected. A good start is essential to good birds. A number of years go by and they are all coming dark and white legged. A little note about Game fowl history: all game fowl breeds are of man made designs that first stem from the Wild Red Jungle Fowl of Southeast Asia.
The one thing im not clear on is after you get to the 5th generation and you have 16 breeding pairs and 32 individual birds, the two best birds that you choose to start again, are they; — the best breeding pair in the diagram or — the best individual cock and the best individual hen irespective of where he or she is on the diagram hopefully this makes thanks any information would be muchly Appreciated The line breeding is more than just lines on a chart, you have to have sound stock in each generation for it to be successful and it is not necessary to keep each generation, as once they are mated back to the original, you may choose to disguard them, if you want. The breeding methods used to produce and maintain a chicken breed are the same as those which have been traditionally used to produce and maintain other domestic animals. The male side is easier to find, test, and select because they are more easily tested and the testing of them is more accepted than the testing of the female side. This is a very inadequate description. There is no reason to keep them.