Moreover, both sides should have considered the point of view and survival of the one billion people of East Asia, who were awakening to world development. Hideki Tojo was born in Tokyo, Japan in 30th December 1884. In dealing with the China problem, the British and American side, which had particularly strong interests in China, should have based its judgments about the origins of the problem on direct observation of the actual circumstances at the time. Tojo was a workaholic and believed in strict discipline. Japan attempted to circumvent these dangerous circumstances by diplomatic negotiation, and though Japan heaped concession upon concession, in the hope of finding a solution through mutual compromise, there was no progress because the United States would not retreat from its original position.
Finally, in the end, the United States repeated demands that, under the circumstances, Japan could not accept: complete withdrawal of troops from China, repudiation of the Nanking government, withdrawal from the Tripartite Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan on September 27, 1940. In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters. On October 17, 1941, the day after Fumimaro resigned, Lt. Related Links: Hideki Tojo Facts. All twenty-five of those who stood trial were found guilty, including Prime Minister Tojo.
He was promoted to Marshal shortly afterward. During this period, he also held the positions of Home Minister 1941-42 , Foreign Minister September 1942 , Education Minister 1943 and Minister of Commerce and Industry 1943. To advocate a New Order was to seek freedom and respect for peoples without prejudice, and to seek a stable basis for the existence all peoples, equally, and free of threats. Quoted in an article by the Japan Times, written by Setsuko Kamiya on July 11, 2007. He was arrested and recovered following surgery in a U.
Tōjō became Prime Minister in 1938 and began an aggressive campaign to turn the government into his personal dictatorship. Throughout that period, Japan had made honest efforts to keep the destruction of war from spreading and, based on the belief that all nations of the world should find their places, had followed a policy designed to restore an expeditious peace between Japan and China. The subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. Tojo entered the Japanese Army Cadet School in 1899, at the age of 15 and in 1905 at the age of 21 he was appointed second lieutenant in the Japanese Imperial Army. At this point, Japan lost all hope of reaching a resolution through diplomatic negotiation.
Rising to become Prime Minister of Japan, he directed both the political and military arms of the nation. The operation immediately came under international scrutiny as its methodology resembled military conquest rather than humanitarian aid, and the United Arab Republic denounced what it claimed was an opportunistic land grab. In the year 1928, Tojo was appointed as Bureau Chief of the Japanese Army, and within a short period, he was immediately promoted to the rank of Colonel. He lived only to be convicted of war crimes by an international tribunal—and was hanged on December 22, 1948. As international observers predicted, Japanese aggression served to galvanize local resistance, and surviving northern warlords united under the Council of Hanoi. Some thought he should remain in office til the end of the war so he could accept blame, but others wanted to make peace overtures to the Allies.
Nonetheless, while wielding great power, Tojo was still not a dictator like Hitler or Mussolini. In 1938 he was recalled from field service to become vice-minister of war, a position in which he pressed resolutely for preparations that would allow Japan to wage a two-front war against both China and the Soviet Union. The subsequent was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. Further defeats by the Allies at Guadalcanal in September 1943, and New Guinea in 1944 put the Empire of Japan on the defensive for the remainder of the war. Unfortunately for Hideki, his two elder brothers had passed away before his birth and so the importance of his success was paramount to him. Tojo became known as 'Razor Tojo' because he was efficient and strict.
This marked among one of the worst defeats suffered by the Americans, leaving over 70,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war in the custody of the Japanese. Speaking for the army command, Tojo demanded a decision for war unless the United States backed away from its embargo on all exports to Japan. The Japanese Imperial Navy flew in unopposed, resulting in disaster. Clearly, this Sino-Japanese War of more than four years was a considerable burden on Japan's national power and an obstacle to the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. Hideki Tojo was sentenced to death on 12 november 1948.
The successful Allied invasion of the so weakened his government, however, that he was removed as chief of staff on July 16, 1944, and on July 18 he and his entire cabinet announced their resignation. Convinced of the righteousness of the imperial cause and of the implacable hostility of the Americans, the British, the Chinese, and the Dutch, he stoutly opposed the negotiations and concessions that Konoe contemplated. When full-scale hostilities broke out instead between China and Japan following the Marco Polo Bridge incident, Tojo in his first real taste of combat experience led two brigades in a blitzkrieg that quickly brought the whole of Inner Mongolia under Japanese control. It was a shock to see him. These and other talents were recognized and resulted in quick promotion through the ranks. In 1929 Tojo was the Japanese Army bureau chief and soon became colonel. After the war he attempted suicide by shooting himself in the chest, but he was found by American soldiers and his life was saved.