It must be noted that the eastern ghats are lower in elevation than the western ghats. The Varanasi Ghats are considered as extremely sacred by the people in India. The Western Ghats terminate about 20 km north of Cape Comorin. North of Kaveri river are higher Kollimalai, Pachaimalai, Shevaroy, Kalrayan Hills, Palamalai and mettur hills in north Tamil Nadu. The release of volcanic gases, particularly , during the formation of the traps contributed to contemporary.
Further south, the Eastern Ghats merge with the Western Ghats, at Nilgiris. Mahendra Giri 1501 m is the highest peak in the northern part. Elevations of 1,500 m 4,921 ft and above in the north and 2,000 m 6,562 ft and above in the south have a more temperate climate. Other large animals such as Nilgiri Tahr, , Gaurs, Sambar, and tigers abound the landscape. The hills and plateaus in the southern part have low altitude. At least 325 globally occur in the Western Ghats.
The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. There are waterfalls in remote areas, such as the. . A total of thirty-nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra. Most notable of these projects are the in Maharashtra, and in Karnataka, and in Tamil Nadu, , and in Kerala During the monsoon season, numerous streams fed by incessant rain drain off the mountain sides leading to numerous waterfalls. The highest peak is the Anai Mudi. These hills are located in the Guntur, Krishna, West Godavari and Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh.
The lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The Palar River cuts through the ranges. Rainfall in this region averages 300 centimetres 120 in to 400 centimetres 160 in with localised extremes touching 900 centimetres 350 in. A total of thirty-nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in , ten in , five in and four in. Archived from on 29 April 2006. The , , , , , and rivers flow westwards towards the Western Ghats, draining into the and are fast-moving, owing to the steeper gradient. Here we highlight on the map and describe the major ones, including the Altay, Gahats, Himalayan, Kunlun, Tien Shan, Ural and Zagros Mountains Altay or Altai The Altay Mountains are a mountain range in East-Central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their sources.
Creative Commons — Attribution 3. The Deccan Traps near The Deccan Traps are a main cause of the special geography and geology of South India. Some rivers among the Western Ghats have been dammed to produce. The highest point is Jindhagada Peak at 1,690 m 5,545 ft. The plateau is extremely large and there are many : different with different sorts of vegetation, , and animals.
? The mountain ranges run parallel to the. South of the Palghat Gap are the Anamala Hills, located in western Tamil Nadu and Kerala with smaller ranges further south, including the Cardamom Hills, then Aryankavu pass, Aralvaimozhi pass near Kanyakumari. Major waterfalls include , , , , , , , , ,. The term 'trap', used in for such formations, is derived from the Dutch word for stairs, referring to the step-like hills forming the landscape of the region. Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India 2 Volumes.
The Eastern Ghats are made up of , , , and rock formations. The moist forests transition to the drier , which lie in its rain shadow to the east. Eastern ghats also holds the rich floral system. South of the are the , located in western Tamil Nadu and Kerala with smaller ranges further south, including the , then pass, pass near Kanyakumari. The Western Ghats meets the Eastern Ghats at Nilgiris in northwestern Tamil Nadu. The and rivers flow from headwaters on the eastward through gaps in the Ghats to empty into the Bay of Bengal; the lie between the two rivers.
These hills are not continuous and almost disappear between Godavari and Krishna rivers. Like Western Ghats, thus, Eastern Ghats also carry a heap of ecological importance. Data point to an average fall in temperature of 2 °C 36 °F in this period. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Currently, eight genera are recognized comprising 47 species. Apart from 593 confirmed subspecies and varieties; 66 species, 5 subspecies and 14 varieties of doubtful occurrence are also reported and therefore amounting 8,080 taxa of flowering plants.
The arboreal lion-tailed macaque is endangered. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly winds, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their western side. Kodaikanal, a hill station, is located on the southern edge of the Palni Hills. Residual and ores are also found in the southern hills. The comprising 5,500 square kilometres 2,100 sq mi of the evergreen forests of and deciduous forests of in Karnataka, adjoining regions of - in Kerala and - in Tamil Nadu forms the largest contiguous protected area in the Western Ghats. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the.