Public Administration must explicitly deal with Political, and normative implications of all administrative actions. This approach clearly indicates that numerous developments that took place in the post-Second World War period directly or indirectly came under the aegis of public administration. Lynn, Christopher Pollitt 2005 p. However, many public administration scholars support a classic definition of the term emphasizing constitutionality, public service, bureaucratic forms of organization, and hierarchical government. Public administration would have to distance itself from politics to answer this call and remain effective.
Second-generation theorists drew upon private management practices for administrative sciences. Its biennial conference brings together ministers of public service, top public officials and leading scholars. Fred Riggs has laid three trends he believes are taking place in the study of Comparative Public Administration. An organisation may be public or private; but it is believed that no organisation can match public administration in the range, variety and scale of functions. Public Administration and Business Administration training should not be combined since they are similar only in unimportant aspects.
Prof: L D White adopts this view of Public administration. According to him, traditionally the study was centred on norms rather than factual basis. In ancient times the needs of the citizens were limited. In this context, we may reflected on the definition offered by F. The public administration has also been defined as the combined effect on the part of and trained administrators to achieve certain essential goals. The Second World War 1939-1945 completely changed the economic and social structure and the old administrative system could not deal with this change.
In Ancient Greek, Roman and Indian political system gave more importance to the concept of Administration. It does not merely include bureaucratic structures and processes. Politics is actually how a government is functioning as per its declaration, by adhering to the constitution of the nation. Man is the centre stage of all administrative activity who cannot be subjected to the mechanical test of efficiency. He did not allow the Chinese people to mix with the people of other countries.
The field of comparative public administration is often misunderstood for the definition itself is complex and requires layers of understanding. Budgeting means fiscal planning, control and accounting. It brings out a general view of phenomena, drawing parallels for betterment of the system in question. In Private Administration no legality, it only considered about the owner. While doing so I never use it for commercial or trade purposes.
Public administrators are working in public departments and agencies, at all levels of government. § Public Administration is strictly in accordance with certain legal safeguards in a manner to sustain the confidence and trust of the general public. The correct meaning of the term administration would however, depend upon the context in which it is used. It is the duty of government to see that the state has been able to achieve targets of economic development. No government can exist without administration. The former is called the public administration and the second is termed private administration.
There was also thematic discussion in the Second Minnow-brook Conference and this changed, to a large extent, the contents and approach of public administration. As per Wilson, the object of administrative study is to discover what government can properly and successfully does and how it can do these things with utmost efficiency and the least possible cost either of money or of energy. Public administration is a field of study i. Public Administration as a profession should remain separate from the profession and discipline of political science. It is also silent on assigning of roles to trade unions and other organised working classes. I have sourced it from other books and Internet resources.
The world is affected by the worst nightmares namely blatant violation of human rights, terrorism and bleathness. It is a vital process charged with implementation of pre-determined, welfare oriented, and developmental objectives. From the social science perspective, public administration, as a discipline, has to draw on a variety of sister disciplines such as History, Sociology, Economics, Geography, Philosophy, Psychology, etc. Public administration means that type of administration or management which is especially related with the public and public means all men living in a definite area. The first provides the basis for the second. These hold the integral view as they also believe public administration concerns itself with all activities and policies that go with administration.