In this lecture, I introduce Comte and briefly explain each of the three stages. The stage was now set for a similar endeavor in the study of society. The theological—military society was basically dying. Ideas about various phenomena, however, do not pass through these stages at the same rate, and, in fact, a positivistic stage in thought about one realm of the universe must often be reached before ideas about other realms can progress to the positivistic stage. The Medieval social organisation clearly represented this kind of society. The principle evolved by Comte in the study of human thinking presumes gradual evolution and development in human thinking and is known as the law of three stages of thinking. It was marked by lack of logical and orderly thinking.
In this stage, people search for invariant laws that govern all of the phenomena of the world. But his own project for the reorganization of society presents a similar problem. Lesson Summary Auguste Comte was a French philosopher who founded sociology, or the scientific study of society. The monotheistic thinking symbolizes the victory of human intellect and reason over non- intellectual and irrational thinking. Finally, according to Comte, societies can move into the positive stage, also called the scientific stage of development, where society will use science to solve problems instead of moral tenets.
In spite of the Copernican revolution, Earth remains for each of us the firm, unshakable ground upon which everything stands. The title of what Comte always regarded as his seminal work written in 1822 when he was only 24 years old leaves no doubt as to the bond between science and politics: it is Plan for the Scientific Work Necessary to Reorganize Society, also called First System of Positive Polity. Three Stages to Society Ancient people in the theological stage believed the planets were gods. The principle developed by Comte in the study of human thinking presumes gradual evolution and development in human thinking and is known as the law of three stages of thinking. It also discusses two of Comtes works: Course of Positive Philosophy and System of Positive Polity. In polytheism, there is an unrestrained imagination person the world with innumerable Gods and spirits. Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Xavier Comte was born in Montellier of Southern France in January 1, 1798 and died in 1857.
One God was believed to be in charge of one particular natural phenomenon. This stage was characterized by belief in Science. Supernatural being is replaced by supernatural force. For the next 15 years, Comte was in and out of hospitals for psychiatric problems. This type of monotheistic thinking marked the victory of human intellect over irrational thinking.
Fetishism is a kind of belief that there exists some living spirit in the non-living objects. One such belief is the Aristotelian contention that fire and smoke rise Up because Up is where they belong; similarly stones fall Down because they are naturally drawn to the Down. In other words, if you can observe it and test it, then you can find the truth. His political philosophy, on the other hand, is even less known, because it differs substantially from the classical political philosophy we have inherited. The wish to maintain the distinction between temporal and spiritual powers led Comte and his followers to demand the separation of Church and State. Comte's final stage for society is called the scientific stage.
The reason why Comte had always presented the Plan of 1822 as fundamental is that, beginning with the very title, one finds the two themes that he planned to think through in their relation to one another: science and society. He is buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery, where his Brazilian followers erected a statue of Humanity in 1983. During this stage, society is interested in equality for all members, and laws and morals are not based on religion, but on the guiding principal that everyone should have specific rights. The main aim of this principle is to provide the basis of sociological thinking. Every phenomenon was believed to be the result of immediate actions of super-natural beings.
Positivism asserted very early its wish to construct a moral doctrine that owes nothing to the supernatural. The second pillar of positive philosophy, the law of the classification of the sciences, has withstood the test of time much better than the law of the three stages. Reasoning helped man to find out some order in the natural world. Bessly, Frederic Harrison translated in the second half of the 19th century the most important works. Of course, even in advanced civilizations, men sometimes still pray to a god to intercede on their behalf in situations beyond their direct control, such as in cases of weather or war, things which have not yet become understandable to them or within their control. Overall the theological thinking implies belief in super natural power.
Pure reasoning insists that God is an Abstract Being. In monotheism a simplification of many gods into one God takes place, largely in the service of awakening reason, which qualifies and exercises constraint upon the imagination. The second one is the realization that States as we know them are a historical product, which did not exist before 1500, and there is no reason to believe that they will exist for ever. The scientific thinking is thoroughly rational and there is no place any belief or superstitious in it. Thus, principles and theories gained ascendency over feelings and speculations. The germs of positivity were present from the beginning of the theological stage; with Descartes, the whole of natural philosophy reaches the positive stage, while moral philosophy remains in the metaphysical stage 1830 58 , v. Freely translated and condensed by Harriet Martineau: The positive philosophy of Auguste Comte, London: J.